The Central Nervous System is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The brain has 12 Cranial Nerves. The spinal cord, which originates immediately below the brain stem, extends all the way down to the first lumbar vertebra (L1). Beyond L1 the spinal cord is known as the Cauda Equina. The spinal cord provides a means of dual communication between touch, taste, feel, sight, call-to-action and any other message that needs to be sent to the brain, which in turn will relay the action message to the peripheral nerves. A continuous 2-way traffic flow.
|BRAIN||12 Cranial Nerves|
|SPINAL CORD||31 Pairs – Spinal Nerves|
Just below the last Thoracic (T12) and first Lumbar (L1) vertebra the spinal cord ends. From this point the spinal nerves, resembling a horse`s tail, become known as the Cauda Equina extending down to the coccyx. These nerves are protected by being suspended in spinal fluid.